Revised Definition from the International Dyslexia Association

Dyslexia is a neurologically-based, often familial, disorder which interferes with the acquisition and processing of language. Varying in degrees of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, writing, spelling, handwriting, and sometimes in arithmetic.

Dyslexia is not the result of lack of motivation, sensory impairment, inadequate instructional or environmental opportunities, or other limiting conditions, but may occur together with these conditions.Although dyslexia is lifelong, individuals with dyslexia frequently respond successfully to timely and appropriate intervention

What are some characteristics of dyslexia?

  • poor spelling
  • skips words and lines in text when reading aloud
  • mixes up sounds and mispronounces words in speech
  • ignores punctuation
  • lacks expression when reading aloud
  • has difficulty with reading comprehension
  • slow to copy from the board and doesn’t copy accurately
  • difficulty in rhyming words
  • confuses left and right
  • difficulty with multiple step instructions


  • athletic ability
  • creative arts (music, drama)
  • often popular with peers
  • fantastic at organizing people; takes the lead in games
  • mechanically inclined; can take things apart and put them together
  • great dexterity
  • good verbal skills
  • incredibly inquisitive
  • big picture, strategic thinker